DATABASE OF EMPIRICAL EVALUATIONS

Browse the 232 empirical evaluations that contributed to the findings in A Roadmap for Promoting Women's Economic Empowerment by region or topic, or view the full Excel database.

All original abstracts included are drawn directly from the evaluations referenced. Links to access the papers are provided, although the papers may also be available from other Web sources. By providing links to other sites, the United Nations Foundation and the ExxonMobil Foundation do not guarantee, approve, or endorse the information or products available on these sites.

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RECOMMENDED INDICATORS FOR MEASURING WOMEN'S ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT

Recommended Indicators for WEE Final Outcomes

Clicking on each indicator in the tables below will lead to the suggested questionnaire module, and a complete PDF with all questionnaires can be accessed at the bottom of this page.

 

Outcome Indicator Data source Unit of observation Use
Urban women entrepreneurs and business leaders
Business income Woman's business profits Survey Individual M&E, impact
Woman's business revenue (sales) Survey Individual M&E, impact
Employment Number of employees in the woman's business Survey Individual M&E, impact
Average monthly hours worked for pay by woman Survey Individual M&E, impact
Average monthly income earned per hour worked for pay by woman Survey Individual M&E, impact
Rural women entrepreneurs and farmers
Household income Total household consumption per capita Survey Household Impact
Household consumption per capita of selected items Survey Household M&E
Household asset index Survey Household Impact
Household savings Survey Household Impact
Both urban and rural women
Individual assets Net value of woman's financial assets Survey Individual Impact
Value of woman's bank and financial accounts Survey Individual M&E
Value of woman's physical assets Survey Individual Impact
Value of woman's motor vehicle Survey Individual M&E
Value of woman's mobile phone Survey Individual M&E
Satisfaction with life Woman's overall satisfaction with life Survey Individual M&E, impact
Woman's stress level Survey Individual Impact
Gender roles and norms Woman's roles in household decisionmaking Survey Household Impact
Self-confidence Woman's overall self-confidence Survey Individual Impact
Woman's willingness to assert herself Survey Individual M&E, impact
Woman's willingness to take risk Survey Individual Impact
Self-esteem Woman's self-esteem Survey Individual Impact

 

Recommended Indicators for WEE Intermediate Outcomes

Outcome Indicator Data source Unit of observation Use
Urban and rural women entrepreneurs
Business practices Adoption of recommended business practices Survey Individual M&E, impact
Value of business training Willingness to pay for general business training Survey Individual Impact
Willingness to pay for specialized technical business training Survey Individual Impact
Gender roles and norms Women's decisionmaking role in own business Survey Individual M&E, impact
Rural women farmers
Agricultural practices Woman's adoption of recommended agricultural practices Survey Individual M&E, impact
Value of access to new/improved agricultural technology Woman's willingness to pay for access to new or improved agricultural technology Survey Individual Impact
Gender roles and norms Woman's decisionmaking role in her own or family farm Survey Individual M&E, impact
Both urban and rural women
Technology adoption and effective use Woman's intensity of mobile phone use Survey Individual M&E, impact
Women's self-confidence Woman's overall self-confidence Survey Individual Impact
Woman's willingness to assert herself Survey Individual M&E, impact
Woman's willingness to take risk Survey Individual Impact
Gender roles and norms Sharing of housework between spouses/partners Survey Household M&E, impact
Participation in community, business or farmer groups Woman's participation in all types of groups Survey Individual M&E, impact
Woman's participation in mainly women's groups Survey Individual M&E, impact

 

For the complete list of all questionnaire modules, click here. (PDF)